Struck-by hazards are injuries that are caused by something propelled, thrown, or hurled into the air. These propelled objects may strike a worker and cause serious injury or death. Struck-by hazards are among OSHA’s top four leading causes of construction accidents ranking second behind falls. In 2015, these “fatal four” were responsible for more than half of construction-related deaths, and between 2011 and 2015, there were 804 struck-by deaths.
Flying objects are those that are thrown or thrust through the air as a result of striking or grinding another material. Examples of this include a nail exiting a nail gun, material separating for a machine or other equipment, a blast of compressed air, and metal fragments that fly as a result of hammering. Wearing personal protective equipment such as head protection, eye protection, and foot protection is critical. Always Inspect power tools before and after using and train workers on the proper use of equipment.
Injuries or deaths are caused by falling objects when workers are working below elevated work surfaces. This can include pinning, crushing, or being caught under an object that has fallen. Examples of this include materials falling off of moving vehicles or suspended loads coming loose. Workers must be aware of their surroundings at all times and move away from areas where work is being performed above them. It’s also important to protective headgear, following lifting capacity guidelines, and inspecting and properly storing tools and materials.
Disclaimer: The information contained in this article is for general educational information only. This information does not constitute legal advice, is not intended to constitute legal advice, nor should it be relied upon as legal advice for your specific factual pattern or situation.